There has been much buzz around cannabidiol over the last few years. Anyhow, historically, it is not more popular than the other most active hemp cannabinoid namely tetrahydrocannabinol. These are two comparable phytocannabinoids, but customers tend to confuse one with the other. So, we will look at the main difference between CBD and THC, their similarities and so forth here.
Cannabidiol Versus Tetrahydrocannabinol: An Overview
These are still the two best-known phytocannabinoids present in industrial hemp and marijuana plants. These have the same chemical formula, thanks to their identical number of carbon atoms, oxygen atoms, and hydrogen atoms.
Tetrahydrocannabinol, especially the THC that comes from marijuana, is known for its high-inducing effect. Conversely, cannabidiol is not mind-altering. CBD can even counteract a few of THC’s mind-related effects, even though more studies are required to completely understand these dynamics.
THC and CBD can play a part in the endocannabinoid system’s ability to affect human health. The human ECS has some regulatory functions right through the body, which aid in maintaining a steady physiological state known as ‘homeostasis’. That means the two cannabinoids are associated with the balancing impacts in the human body. Anyhow, it is the ways in which the two substances engage the human ECS that reveal their distinctions.
A network of cannabinoid receptors forms the ECS. CB1 cannabinoid receptors are present mainly in the CNS (central nervous system). Conversely, CB2 cannabinoid receptors are much more densely situated in the immune system and peripheral nervous system. Tetrahydrocannabinol strongly tends to bind to CB1 receptors situated in the brain, which is the reason why the cannabinoid can have psychoactive effects. Conversely, cannabidiol can interact with cannabinoid receptors indirectly.
Cannabidiol can interact with CB2 cannabinoid receptors with higher affinity. Experts think that the affinity level can create a broader effect on the human body, which mediates processes such as immune response, pain, and inflammation.
From a legal point of view, the distinctions in cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol vary by where you live and whether your item is made from hemp or marijuana. Presently, Washington DC and 11 American states permit using any cannabis product for recreational purposes. Over 30 US states allow THC’s use in the form of medical cannabis. As for cannabidiol, the Farm Bill of 2018 made hemp and its derivatives legal in every US state. There are different cannabis sativa strains that are high in cannabidiol and low in THC.